Organizacionnaâ psihologiâ (Organizational Psychology)

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Roksana Nesmeianova 1, Sergey Lipatov 2
  • 1 Lomonosov Moscow State University, 11/9 Mokhovaya Str., 125009 Moscow, Russia
  • 2 Moscow State Lomonosov University, , 11/9, Mokhovaya Str., 125009, Moscow, Russia.

Conceptualization of a school as an organization: a literature review

2020. Vol. 10. No. 4. P. 184–204 [issue contents]
Purpose. Modern ideas about the school as an organization are analyzed and systematized in the article. The relevance of the study is due to the fact that at present, at the legislative level, the school has come to be regarded as an educational organization. This formulation opens up the prospect of studying this social institution from the perspective of organizational psychology. Findings. The metaphors and models of the school as a social organization are described, the analogies of the educational and production process are analyzed. The key efficiency indicators of the school are highlighted and the actual problems of interaction between the main participants in the educational process: teachers, students, parents and administration are revealed in detail. The specificity of the organization of school work is analyzed, the importance of ensuring the synchronization of goals, values and a common vision for creating and maintaining a favorable atmosphere in the school organization issubstantiated. The role of the informal structure of the school is denoted — the organizational culture. Conclusions. The conducted literary analysis suggests that the study of the problems of the school as an organization should be carried out in the paradigm of organizational culture. This approach will provide a correct comprehensive understanding of the context of social interaction of participants in the educational process, coordination of their joint work for the successful implementation of all goalsset for the school. The value of the results. This area of research is still under developed in domesticworks, nevertheless, it can be argued that the need to take into account the organizational culture of the school will allow a new look at the internal and external processes of its activities. The development of research in this direction is promising, because makes it possible to reach a qualitatively new level of progressive transformation of the school system in our country.

Citation: Nesmeianova R., Lipatov S. (2020) Kontseptualizatsiya shkoly kak organizatsii: obzor literatury [Conceptualization of a school as an organization: a literature review]. Organizacionnaâ psihologiâ (Organizational Psychology), vol. 10, no 4, pp. 184-204 (in Russian)
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