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Vladimir Tolochek1
  • 1 Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 13/1 Yaroslavskaya, Moscow, 1293666, Russian Federation

Professional selection: paradigms of the XX and XXI centuries. Part 1 (in Russian)

2021. Vol. 11. No. 4. P. 110–128 [issue contents]
In a series of two articles, the methodology and ideologemes of human resource management are discussed (using the example of formulating the tasks of professional selection). Trends in historical changes in the state of social objects (people, social groups, organizations, institutions), subject areas and disciplinary methodology, psychologists’ understanding of the content of social inquiry are considered. Purpose of the research: a critical analysis of the theory and practice of solving problems of human resource management (on the example of professional selection); subject: ideas about professional selection as a scientific and scientific-practical problem; methods: historical and theoretical analysis, retrospective analysis of the results of empirical research. Hypothesis: The formulation of scientific and scientific-practical tasks is determined by the interaction of a few factors (the evolution of social objects, current and latent social request, the state of the methodology and methods of the discipline, etc.). Adequate methodological reflection of the state of social objects, forms of social request, the state of methodology and methods of discipline contributes to the success of solving disciplinary scientific and scientific-practical problems, inadequate — it reduces. Findings. In conclusion of the first article, it is stated: at the end of the twentieth century. there has been a way out of the current time and space as conditions for solving the personnel tasks of companies; ideas about the required qualities of the subject are shifting from the initially biologically determined ones, which determine the effectiveness of labor actions, to the qualities, abilities, and skills that determine the interaction of people in contact work groups in a changing environment; the historical tendencies of the sequential displacement of the study of assessments and the possibility of managing individual human activity towards the cognition of the socio-psychological effects generated by the joint professional activity of people are highlighted; progress from the statement of socio-psychological and psychological effects in human development to the search and description of the patterns and mechanisms of this development with the prospect of managing them. Highlighting the main “trends” allows us to outline only the nearest states and parameters of the evolution of objects. The new tasks of the discipline should be formulated taking into account our national tasks, the key long-term goals of the country’s development, taking into account the real historical prospects’, taking into account the real historical prospects.

Citation: Tolochek V. (2021) Professional'nyy otbor: paradigmy XX i XXI stoletiy. Chast' pervaya [Professional selection: paradigms of the XX and XXI centuries. Part 1]. Organizacionnaâ psihologiâ (Organizational Psychology), vol. 11, no 4, pp. 110-128 (in Russian)

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