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Organizacionnaâ psihologiâ (Organizational Psychology)


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Liudmila Aksenovskaya 1
  • 1 National Research Saratov State University, 83 Astrhanskaya, Saratov 410012, Russia

Industrial and Organizational psychology in Saratov State University: history and current trends (in Russian and English)

2017. Vol. 7. No. 2. P. 8–29 [issue contents]
The article devoted to forming and development of organizational psychology in Saratov National Research State University named after N. G. Chernishevsky, one of the oldest Russian universities, the ninth and the last of universities, which have opened by emperor Nikolay’s II decree (in 1909). Three stages of development of psychological science and education in SSU have been distinguished: the beginning of teaching of psychology (1917), the creating of department of psychology based on biological faculty (1971) and the opening of Faculty of Psychology (2010). As shown in the article the second and the third stages are the steps of coherent forming of industrial and organizational psychology (I-OP) in Saratov State University (SSU) in terms of research and practical work and in terms of creation of system of organizational psychologists teaching. Forming I-OP in SSU has been connected with solving the problem of providing the development of Military-Industrial Complex (MIC) in USSR and transport infrastructure in region (the second stage). The laboratory of engineering psychology has been organized. The scientific supervision of Saratov psychologists’ research has been carried out by Yu. M. Zabrodin (Institute of Psychology of the Academy of Sciences USSR, IP AN USSR) and V. P. Zinchenko (Moscow State University, MSU). The main researches have been focused on the problem of psycho acoustics in space industry (A. A. Ponukalin, R. Kh. Tugushev, V. V. Kozacha) and on research of visual perception (S. I. Avgustevich). The main research methods were hardware psycho physical and psycho physiological researches. The problems of mental states of human-operator, psychological problem of ACS (Automatic Control Systems) projecting, the problem of subjective evaluation, psychological testing of entity staff, projecting of psychological recovery rooms, the problems of psychology of management have been included in the area of research. The third stage the development of I-OP in SSU has been connected with participation of psychological science in solving the modern problems of market economics development and increasing of compatibility of business organizations. The Master Program “Organizational Psychology” and the Department of Business Psychology based on Trade-Industrial Chamber of Saratov region have been opened. Since 2010 there search and practical conference “Organizational psychology: people and risks” in partnership with foreign colleagues is held. The employers are taking part in Master Program teaching process of future alumni — organizational psychologists. The the or etical and methodological basis of most researches is order approach to socio-psychological study of organizational culture authored by L. N. Aksenovskaya. The main methods of research have been methods of modeling (including computer modeling) and methods of order diagnostics. The problem of organizational culture, managerial interaction, leadership, media culture, emotional intelligence as well as the problem of innovation potential of personality and problem of job insecurity are included in area of research based on order approach.

Citation: Aksenovskaya L. (2017) Industrial'no-organizatsionnaya psikhologiya v Saratovskom gosudarstvennom universitete [Industrial and Organizational psychology in Saratov State University: history and current trends]. Organizational Psychology, vol. 7, no 2, pp. 8-29 (in Russian and English)
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