Organizational Psychology

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German Nikiforov1, Natalia Vodopianova2, Olga Gofman2
  • 1 Saint Petersburg State University, 7/9 Universitetskaya emb., St. Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation
  • 2 Saint Petersburg State University, 7/9 Universitetskaya emb., St. Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation

Psychological support before and after retirement: A theoretical review

2018. Vol. 8. No. 3. P. 86–103 [issue contents]
In the theory and practice of management, the concept of psychological support of preparation for retirement of labor subjects is practically under explored. It is rather a remedial (consultations on length of service, pension accruals, etc.), a state initiative to change the retirement age, actively discussed by the public, confirms the thesis that there is no full support for citizens of pre-retirementage in order to preserve their efficiency and health. Pre-retirement age is considered by the authorsas a definite milestone in human life, as a “point of choice” for the further unfolding life, where therelations between the state and the individual should be built in the subject-subject plane. The reviewpresents the various contexts of the psychological preparation of citizens to complete the professional way and retirement. The result of the preparation will be the development of a helpful individual route, considering: the self-awareness of the subject of work, professional culture, objective factors of existing and desired lifestyle. The basic typology of entering pre-retirement and retirement age, based on the attitude of person to his own professional activity and life outside the profession have been described:1) a profession for life, 2) forced retirement, 3) a pension as a natural stage of a professional way,4) pension as a well-deserved rest. It is possible to provide psychological training depending on the predisposition of the subject of labor to one or another variant. The concept of psychological support atthe final stage of professional activity is considered as an integral system of measures that enhance thequality of life of the subjects of work, and includes: medical preventive, psychological, organizational, educational and practice-oriented directions. We need specialists with a broader field of knowledgein the field of not only the labor psychology and the legislation of the Russian Federation, but alsoin matters of career and personal counseling, gerontology, social security, educational and leisureactivities; the recommendations to introduce special courses on the psychology of labor protectionand health of persons of pre-retirement age have been given.

Citation: Nikiforov G., Vodopianova N., Gofman O. (2018) Postanovka problemy psikhologicheskogo obespecheniya zaversheniya professional'nogo puti: teoreticheskiy obzor [Psychological support before and after retirement: A theoretical review]. Organizacionnaâ psihologiâ (Organizational Psychology), vol. 8, no 3, pp. 86-103 (in Russian)
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