Organizational Psychology

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Larisa Karapetyan1
  • 1 Ural Federal University, 48, Kuibyshev Srt., Ekaterinburg 620026, Russia

Social and psychological predictors of successfulness: a comparative study among representatives of professional groups (in Russian)

2019. Vol. 9. No. 3. P. 20–34 [issue contents]
Modern society requires a specialist in any field of professionalism, competence, mobility, tolerance, willingness to act effectively in a changing environment. The lack of formation of the sequalities is a barrier to career and professional growth, a person is not able to resist competition, to fulfill the requirements imposed on him and, as a result, feels unsuccessful. Purpose. The aim is to identifysocial and psychological predictors of successfulness among representatives of various professional groups. Study design. The sample was formed by specialists of such professional categories as rescuers, Ministry of Internal Affairs employees, doctors, psychologists, teachers, service workers, engineersand industrial workers (N = 1348). The comparison group consisted of 351 prisoners. To study the successfulness of the respondents were asked (“Are you successful person?”) to assess its severity at a 7-point scale from 1 to 7. Based on the obtained estimates using two-step cluster analysis, the sample was clustered into four groups: with low, reduced, increased and high success. It is proved that the representatives of different professional categories to varying degrees assess their success. Findings. So, workers of the production sector (engineers, workers) to a lesser extent than representatives of other occupational categories, consider personal successfulness. Whereas employees of the Ministryof Internal Affairs and doctors appreciate their success most highly. It is revealed that professional affiliation, gender, age, education and social conditions affect the self-assessment of successfulness and are its predictors. It is established that vitality, psychological well-being, adaptability, resistance to professional burnout, optimism, extraversion, dominance and self-sufficiency are psychological predictors of successfulness. Value of results. The results of the study can be used for further study of the phenomenon of success in the framework of general, social, age and organizational psychology, work psychology, as well as for the development of programs for the formation of successful behavior, psychological support of individual career trajectories of representatives of various professional categories.

Citation: Karapetyan L. (2019) Sotsial'no-demograficheskie i psikhologicheskie prediktory uspeshnosti professionalov [Social and psychological predictors of successfulness: a compartive study among representatives of professional groups]. Organizacionnaâ psihologiâ (Organizational Psychology), vol. 9, no 3, pp. 20-34 (in Russian)
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