Organizacionnaâ psihologiâ (Organizational Psychology)

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Milada Pavlova 1,2, Sofya Nartova-Bochaver 3
  • 1 Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 1 Kosmonavtov Str., Ufa 450064, Russian Federation
  • 2 NRU HSE, 20, Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow 101000, Russian Federation
  • 3 National Research University Higher School of Economics, 20 Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation

Routine self-help behaviors of employees (in case of Architect offices)

2020. Vol. 10. No. 3. P. 164–184 [issue contents]
This study has an exploratory interdisciplinary nature and is carried out at the intersection of organizational and positive psychology, environmental psychology, design, and ergonomics. Purpose.The purpose of the study is the introduction and justification of the concept of “routine self-help technique” in relation to the organizational environment (architect’s office), the study of the content of these techniques and the differences in their use depending on the gender of workers and time conditions for solving professional problems (weekdays or deadline push). Methodology. We used the included observation (for seventeen years), the case method (description of specific successfully functioning teams) and standardized interviews. The sample consisted of 205 units of analysis of interviews taken from architects from several architectural teams in Ufa Sity (20 people, 11 men and 9 women, age from 23 to 63 years, work experience from six months to 41 years), and two experts. Results. A list of typical routine self-help techniques and the spatial areas of the office that are necessary for their implementation have been identified. It is shown that the time spent in the office during the deadline push doubles compared with everyday life, regardless of the gender of the workers. It hasbeen found that recovery and mobilization techniques used by men and women are different. It wasshown that for recovery architects more often use environmental methods, and for mobilization mentalones. Conclusions. The results of the study show that architects really use the spontaneously open methods of restoration and mobilization given by the office space. It seems that the concept of “self-help routine techniques” can be used constructively for the examination of the restoration potential of various environments and the scientific substantiation of the design of an office that is friendly toemployees of various specialties. The value of the results. For the first time, an algorithm has been setfor an interdisciplinary applied research aimed at creating a healthy office environment, having taken into account the adaptive behavior of employees.

Citation: Pavlova M., Nartova-Bochaver S. (2020) Rutinnye (obydennye) tekhniki samopomoshchi v ofise: na primere masterskoy arkhitektorov [Routine self-help behaviors of employees (in case of Architect offices)]. Organizacionnaâ psihologiâ (Organizational Psychology), vol. 10, no 3, pp. 164-184 (in Russian)
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