Organizational Psychology

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Natalia Borovikova1, Ekaterina Belousko1
  • 1 Consulting group BITOBE, Russian Federation 196084, St. Petersburg, Moskovsky pr., 102.

Situational judgment tests: developing approaches to understanding case assessment (in Russian)

2021. Vol. 11. No. 1. P. 127–151 [issue contents]
Purpose. The purpose of the article is to analyze and summarize the main directions in the study of situational judgment tests. The relevance is primarily due to the fact that the theoretical basis of situational judgment tests is not fully disclosed in Russian discourse. Along with this, in the last few years in the foreign literature there has been a rethinking of situational judgment tests in how they are developed and what areas of knowledge allow diagnosing. Findings. The views on tests of situational judgments from the point of view of their dependence or independence from the context are presented. This made it possible to better understand the theoretical basis on which situational judgment tests are developed, and to single out two main approaches — traditional and constructive. Construct-based situational judgment tests, in comparison with traditional ones, have a solid theoretical basis and aremore universal and adaptable for different professions. The key characteristics of situational judgment tests are described: the format of the tasks, the type of instruction and the format of the answer. The areas of application of the tests are determined and the main features of the quality parameters of situational judgment tests are analyzed: internal structure, reliability, validity, susceptibility to falsification and learning effects. The value of the results. The value of the article lies in the analytical review of existing approaches to the interpretation of situational judgment tests, which provide a deeper understanding of the diagnostic tool and can become the basis for future research in domestic science. Situational judgment tests are one of the most underrated methods of personnel diagnosticsin Russia. The wide possibilities of their application for various management tasks and the variety of test task formats open up prospects for changing the practice of personnel assessment in domestic organizations. Situational judgment tests can be a tool that, on the one hand, provides informed datafor decision-making by managers, and on the other hand, it enjoys the confidence of employees and arouses their interest.

Citation: Borovikova N., Belousko E. (2021) Testy situatsionnykh suzhdeniy: razvitie podkhodov k ponimaniyu otsenki v analize konkretnoy situatsii [Situational judgment tests: developing approaches to understanding case assessment]. Organizacionnaâ psihologiâ (Organizational Psychology), vol. 11, no 1, pp. 127-151 (in Russian)
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