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Igor Noss1, Tatyana Kabanova1
  • 1 Serbsky National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Narcology, 23 Kropotkinsky lane, Moscow, 119034, Russian Federation

Psychological features of age cohorts of civil service employees (in Russian)

2021. Vol. 11. No. 4. P. 97–109 [issue contents]
Purpose. This article is devoted to the study of the psychological characteristics of age cohorts of civil service employees. Design. The study involved 596 employees (448 men and 148 women) in the civil service, aged 20 to 50, performing five types of activities: communication and information; sensory-motor; information-analytical and analytical-legal; control and audit. The sample was divided into six age cohorts: the first cohort (20–25 years old, M = 23.9); the second cohort (26–30 years old, M = 27.8); the third cohort (31–35 years old, M = 32.7); the fourth cohort (36–40 years old, M = 37.5); the fifth cohort (41–45 years old, M = 42); the sixth cohort (46–50 years old, M = 46.9). Behavioral characteristics were diagnosed using the “Rice-Night Frustration Technique” by S. Rosenzweig. Characterological features were studied using the clinical questionnaire “Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, MMPI” by S. Hathaway and J. McKinley and “Test of color choices” by M. Luscher. Motivational variables were diagnosed using the “Test of humorous phrases” by A. S. Boldyreva (Babina) and A. G. Shmelev. Findings. According to the results of the study, in situations of frustration, young employees most often blame other people, while older employees see the reason for the extreme situation in the influence of circumstances and environmental factors. With age, in the structure of the character of employees, there is an increase in the traits of neurotic self-control, anxiety, pedantry, and against the background of a decrease in overall activity, the manifestation of introversive, depressive and hypomanic tendencies. In the palette of motivational variables, with growing up, material and cognitive determinants decrease with an increase in interests associated with family problems. There is a certain cyclical nature of the content of motives, which is visible in the comparison of young and aged civil servants against the background of the autonomy of motivation of 40-year-olds. The value of the results. The results obtained demonstrate the difference in values, motivation, and coping strategies in different age cohorts. This work can serve as a basis for further study of the problem of assessing life-meaning orientations, external and internal determinants necessary for successful performance.

Citation: Noss I., Kabanova T. (2021) Psikhologicheskie osobennosti vozrastnykh kogort sotrudnikov gosudarstvennoy sluzhby [Psychological features of age cohorts of civil service employees]. Organizacionnaâ psihologiâ (Organizational Psychology), vol. 11, no 4, pp. 97-109 (in Russian)

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