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Tatyana Soboleva1
  • 1 Far Eastern State Transport University, 680021, Russia, Khabarovsk city, Seryshev str., 47

The formation of professional talent in determination by the conditions of the development of abilities and by the freedom of choice in activity (in Russian)

2021. Vol. 11. No. 3. P. 11–29 [issue contents]
Purpose. The study is devoted to the poorly studied problem of the formation of professional talent depending on the freedom of choice in activity; it is determined the influence of the conditions of the development of abilities on this formation. The main task of the research is to reveal how the conditions of various degrees of freedom in the activity are refracted in the internal conditions, which are various structures of professional talent. Method. The study was carried out on a sampleof 72 qualified engine drivers using a specialized simulator that simulates two degrees of freedom in activity. Findings. The psychological analysis of the activity made it possible to identify seven abilities that ensure the success of the activity. On the basis of empirical data it is shown that the conditions of the development of abilities: the development of abilities in the process of activity and the preliminary development of abilities act as a determinant of the formation of completely different structures of professional talent depending on the degree of freedom in activity. This is manifested inindividual performance indicators. Higher success of the activity is determined by the conditions of the preliminary development of abilities through the development of intellectual operations. On theone hand, the initial level and conditions of the development of abilities act as internal determinants, on the other hand, low and high degrees of freedom in activity act as external determinants of the formation of various structures of professional talent. It is shown that freedom in activity is manifested as a characteristic of the subject of the activity, as an indicator of creative activity in choosing a method of action. Practice implementation. One of the promising practice-oriented areas is a new system of professional training based on the development of professionally important qualities of a specialist. The central link in such training will be the formation of the specific structure of professional talent depending on the degree of freedom in activity. Training oriented on the development of professionally important qualities and professional talent, in particular, will help to increase the effectiveness of the activity with different degrees of freedom.

Citation: Soboleva T. (2021) Formirovanie professional'noy odarennosti v determinatsii usloviyami razvitiya sposobnostey i svobodoy vybora v deyatel'nosti [The formation of professional talent in determination by the conditions of the development of abilities and by the freedom of choice in activity]. Organizacionnaâ psihologiâ (Organizational Psychology), vol. 11, no 3, pp. 11-29 (in Russian)
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