Organizational Psychology

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Evgeny Osin1, Tatiana Ivanova2, Ekaterina Orel1, Elena Rasskazova1
  • 1 National Research University Higher School of Economics, 20 Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation
  • 2 Lomonosov Moscow state university, 11/9, Mokhovaya str., Moscow 125009, Russia.

Personality resources and work motivation: A beneficial synergy

2018. Vol. 8. No. 2. P. 27–46 [issue contents]
Purpose. The paper aims to show the motivational function of personality resources in the organizational context. Based on the Personality Potential model (Leontiev, 2011) and Self-Determination Theory (SDT), we hypothesized that personality resources facilitate productive motivation and engagement with the work environment, resulting in positive outcomes for the individual, as well as for the organization. We aimed to explore three research questions: 1) whether personality resources positively predict autonomous motivation and negatively predict controlled motivation, 2) whether work motivation mediates the effects of personality resources on well-being outcomes, and 3) whether personality resources and work motivation have synergistic effects on workplace well-being outcomes. Study design. We used data from two samples of employees of a Russian production enterprise using across-sectional design (Study 1, N = 4,708) and a longitudinal design with a two-year interval between measurements (Study 2, N = 372). The participants completed measures of personality resources (hardiness, dispositional optimism, generalized self-efficacy, tolerance for ambiguity), work motivation, and well-being outcomes (life satisfaction, job satisfaction, work-life balance, work engagement, organizational commitment). Findings. A single dimension of personality resources emerged as apositive predictor of autonomous motivation and a negative predictor of controlled motivation, bothin the cross-sectional and in the longitudinal perspective. The change in well-being outcomes was mainly explained by autonomous motivation at Time 1. Using a moderated mediation model, we found that work motivation partially mediated the effects of personality resources on well-being outcomes and exhibited the theoretically predicted interaction effects on work-life balance, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. Value of the results. The results are in line with the hypothesis about the motivating function of personality resources.

Citation: Osin E., Ivanova T., Orel E., Rasskazova E. (2018) Personality resources and work motivation: A beneficial synergy. Organizacionnaâ psihologiâ (Organizational Psychology), vol. 8, no 2, pp. 27-46.
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